Speaking to reporters on Friday afternoon, Biden said he also discussed human rights “and the need for political reform” during the talks.
He added that a US president cannot be “silent on an issue of human rights”.
Biden was criticised earlier in the day for greeting the Saudi crown prince (MBS) – whom US intelligence agencies concluded was responsible for Khashoggi’s murder at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in October 2018 – with a fist bump when he arrived for the meetings.
“It projected a level of intimacy and comfort that delivers to MBS the unwarranted redemption he has been desperately seeking,” said Fred Ryan, publisher of the Washington Post newspaper where Khashoggi worked at the time of his death. The Committee to Project Journalists also said it was “appalled” by Biden’s “failure” to hold the crown prince accountable.
Al Jazeera’s Kimberly Halkett said Biden’s comments to reporters aimed to “do damage control” amid the criticism of his visit. “He was cleaning up what was clearly a bit of a public relations disaster,” she said.
The US president’s trip to Saudi Arabia comes amid efforts to reset Washington’s relationship with Riyadh, and as the world grapples with soaring energy costs linked to the war in Ukraine. Saudi Arabia is one of the world’s largest oil producers.
Saudi Arabia has insisted that the killing of Khashoggi was a rogue operation that took place without the approval or knowledge of top officials, including MBS. It has rejected the US intelligence agencies’ findings, and also says it tried and convicted those responsible for the murder.
The Saudis held a subdued welcome for Biden at the airport in Jeddah, with none of the ceremony that accompanied his stop this week in Israel. Biden was greeted by Mecca’s governor, Prince Khalid bin Faisal, and the Saudi ambassador to the US.
“He’s intent on ensuring that there is not a vacuum in the Middle East for China and Russia to fill, that American leadership and American engagement will be a feature of US policy in this region, and that we intend to play a critical role in this strategically vital region on an ongoing basis,” Sullivan said.
Biden held talks with Saudi King Salman at the royal palace in Jeddah and then the US president and his team had a working session with MBS and Saudi ministers.
Experts have said energy interests have pushed Biden to travel to the kingdom.
The US is eager to see Saudi Arabia and its Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) partners pump more oil to help bring down the high cost of gasoline and ease the highest US inflation rate in 40 years.
Biden will meet with a broader set of Arab leaders at a meeting in Jeddah on Saturday.
Biden noted during his brief Friday afternoon news conference that oil prices have been dropping since before his trip to the Middle East, saying the potential effects of his visit to Saudi Arabia on the energy market would not be felt “for another couple of weeks”.
Spare capacity within OPEC is running low, with most producers pumping at maximum capacity. It is unclear how much extra supply Saudi Arabia could bring to the market and how quickly.
OPEC+ decided last month to increase output targets by 648,000 barrels per day (bpd) in August, ending record production cuts that it brought at the height of the pandemic to counter collapsing demand.
Meanwhile, the US president also enumerated a list of agreements that he said US and Saudi officials formalised at Friday’s meetings, describing them as “significant business”.
That deal follows years of de facto rapprochement between Israel and Saudi Arabia. Two years ago, Riyadh did not protest when the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain moved to normalise relations with Israel as part of a series of US-brokered deals known as the Abraham Accords.
The Saudi ambassador to Washington said US-Saudi efforts to ensure peace and security should focus on enhancing cooperation and “reinforcing a rules-based system” to confront the “vision of chaos promoted by Iran”.
During his visit to Israel, Biden and caretaker Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid signed a joint pledge to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons. Tehran, which slammed the US-Israeli declaration, denies seeking such weapons.
source – aljazeera