Xi urges researchers to put their minds to solving a range of weaknesses undermining social and economic development
Answers must be found for issues from pollution to the country’s reliance on overseas supplies of imported crop seed, he says
Chinese President Xi Jinping has issued a rallying cry to the country’s scientific community, urging them to overcome weaknesses “strangling” China, especially its reliance on overseas technology.
Xi told a forum in Beijing on Friday that more than ever before China needed scientific solutions to its problems, state news agency Xinhua reported on Saturday.
“Amid fierce international competition, unilateralism and protectionism, we must work out our own way to upgrade, become more innovative and make more breakthroughs from scratch,” he said.
The call came a day after the United States further restricted use of American technology by Chinese companies, and expanded bans on Chinese science students studying in the US.On Thursday, the US State Department announced it had revoked the visas of more than 1,000 Chinese nationals who were studying or doing research in the US, accusing them of having ties with Chinese military, a move the Chinese side described as “sheer political persecution and racism”.
Xi said China faced “deep and complex” changes in the domestic and international environment, which demanded faster advances in science.
He said that some of the main areas of research should be to overcome the agricultural sector’s reliance on imported seed; to resolve the need to import various critical components in core manufacturing technology; and to ease the country’s dependence on overseas oil supplies.
He also listed a number of “practical problems” holding back economic and social development that “China must tackle”.These included a lack of advanced agricultural technology, pollution and poor distribution of water resources.
The country’s ageing population also needed improvements in pharmaceuticals and medical equipment, he said.
“For technologies where there can be imminent breakthroughs and solutions, you must quickly move forward; for strategic technologies that take time, you must deploy resources in advance,” Xi told the scientists.
While stressing the need for greater self-reliance, Xi also said China must be more open, inclusive and proactive in strengthening international scientific cooperation.
“The more blockades and suppression we face, the less we should isolate ourselves,” Xi said.
He said there was a particular need now to promote cooperation with researchers from other countries to contain the coronavirus, from developing vaccines to improving tests for the pathogen.
Xi said China would try to attract top professionals and create a “competitively attractive environment and conditions” for scientists from overseas to work in China.
“We will gradually allow international science and technology organisations to set up in China, allow foreign scientists to work in Chinese science and technology institutions, and make China a free arena for open global cooperation in science and technology,” Xi said.
In addition, the president called on Chinese scientists to be “patriotic and innovative”, invoking the examples of researchers who developed the country’s nuclear weapons, missiles and satellites from the 1950s to the 1970s.
“I hope you, our scientists … carry forward the spirit of [the patriotic scientists], shoulder your historical duty and integrate your own scientific pursuit into the great cause of building a modern socialist country,” Xi said.
Xi laid out a strategy of “concentrating resources” under the socialist state system to “push forward key technological breakthroughs”, such as establishing a group of national laboratories and restructuring existing ones to form a strategic force in science.
Xi promised more state investment in basic science and more support from the business and finance communities. He also pledged more official sweeteners, including bank financing and tax breaks, for institutions and companies doing basic scientific research.
Source – south china mornig post